Wunderground launches new Local Climate Change section

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 20. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 18:10 (GMT)

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In honor of Earth Day on Sunday, wunderground has launched a new Climate Change Center, which gives people resources to understand how the climate is changing both globally and in their local neighborhoods. I am particularly pleased with our Local Climate Change feature, which allows one to see how temperature and precipitation have changed over the past 100+ years at the nearest station with a long period of measurements. Predictions from climate models on what the next 100 years may bring are overlaid for each station. Data for most U.S. stations goes back to 1895; we have data for a few stations in Europe that extend back to the 1700s. Berlin has the longest period of record in this database, with data back to 1702.


Figure 1. Screenshot of the Local Climate Change page for Washington, DC. Measured temperatures since 1820 are shown in grey. By clicking on the "Show post-1900 trend:" box, we see that the trend since 1900 has been for an increase in temperature of 1.5°C (2.7°F) per century. Moving the thin vertical red line over the image using the mouse shows that the warmest year on record in Washington D.C. was 1991. Predictions for a future with low emissions of heat-trapping gases like carbon dioxide are shown in yellow; the high emissions prediction is shown in red. Separate tabs are available to examine precipitation and snow.

Skeptical?
Also included in the new Climate Change Center is a section addressing the common skeptical arguments made against climate change. We offer three levels of explanation. The "Basic" level is the default, but one can also see more technical in-depth discussions by clicking on the "See All Explanation Levels" link. The material was developed by physicist John Cook for his excellent skepticalscience.com web site, which is widely referenced in the climate science communication community.


Video 1. I'm featured in this video on extreme weather and climate change done by veteran videographer Peter Sinclair for the Yale forum on Climate Change and the Media this month. I'm also featured in Part 1 of this series. Our new Climate Change Center has a section for climate change videos, which includes a twice-monthly feature from GreenTV detailing the world's notable wild weather events of the past two weeks.

Earth: the Operator's Manual airs Sunday night
Penn State climate scientist Dr. Richard Alley hosts parts II and III of Earth: the Operator's Manual on PBS beginning at 7pm Sunday, April 22--Earth Day. Part I of this excellent series aired in April 2011. The series gives an overview of climate change, but primarily focuses on what we can do to help slow down climate change though smart energy choices. Dr. Alley, a registered Republican, geologist, and former oil company employee, is the Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences at the Pennsylvania State University, and one of the most respected and widely published world experts on climate change. Dr. Alley has testified before Congress on climate change issues, served as lead author of "Chapter 4: Observations: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground" for the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and is author of more than 170 peer-reviewed scientific articles on Earth's climate. He is also the author of a book I highly recommend--The Two Mile Time Machine, a superb account of Earth's climate history as deduced from the 2-mile long Greenland ice cores. Dr. Alley is an excellent and engaging speaker, and I highly recommend listening to his 45-minute keynote speech, "The Biggest Control Knob: CO2 in Earth's Climate History", given at the 2010 American Geophysical Union meeting, via this very watchable recording showing his slides as he speaks in one corner of the video. If you want to understand why scientists are so certain of the link between CO2 and Earth's climate, this is a must-see lecture.

Have a great weekend, everyone, and I'll be back Monday with a new post. I'd like to thank Wunderground meteorologist, Angela Fritz for spearheading the creating the new Climate Change Center; it's a product I'll be referring to frequently in the future, and one we'll be updating in the coming months with data on local sea level rise, fire risk, and drought.

Jeff Masters

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1670. dutchessweather
26. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 01:37 (GMT)
Do you have any shame in continuing to promote the man-made global warming fraud? (of course, you guys began to refer to it as "climate change" a few years ago when the pure, man-made global warming fraud was laughably exposed for the fraud that it is) Guess what everyone, the Earth has been warming for 18,000 years or so, along with changing climate and rising sea level. I bet you people didn't know that, did you? I didn't check out your "skeptics website", or whatever you call it, but I suspect it is run by a group of climate change fraudsters (CCFs); how convenient! No, I don't work for an energy company, or have any stake in this game other than common, scientific sense (if having a PhD, MS, and BS degrees is common). If you want to be concerned about changing climate, that's fine, but don't pretend humans can do anything about it, or worse, try to claim humans are causing it. Do some research other than reading other CCFs publications.
Member Since: 3.10.2005 Posts: 0 Comments: 13
1669. abikerider
25. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 16:39 (GMT)
Oh Please, haven't we heard enough of this debunked theory of AGW. First we had Michael Mann from Penn State lie to us in the Climategate scandal and now his colleague Richard Alley. These guys are giving science a bad name. I'm sick of all this dishonesty. Time to take my browser to a different website. Goodbye weather underground.
Member Since: 1.06.2011 Posts: 0 Comments: 0
1668. Xyrus2000
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 14:45 (GMT)
Quoting Patrap:
History shows again and again how nature points up the folly of man
Godzilla!



A picture of Electra and Tornado

It was a evening like any other evening. Tornado had just gotten up after a full day of rest and daytime heating. After eating a bowl of instant Instability and Moisture and swallowing a glass of cool refreshing Dry Air, Tornado got ready for the night.

He mosied on down to a popular (and noisy) little night spot called "The Ground". The usual suspects were there. Over at the bar was Hail Core, giving everyone the cold shoulder. In the corner was Torrential Downpour, always crying into his drink. Cumula Nimbus, always the large matronly and rowdy barkeep, was serving her drinks to the patrons. And of course, Wall Cloud and Straightline Winds were tangling it up on the dance floor.

"Hey Tornado! What'll ya have?" Cumula Nimbus hollered over the noise.

"Give me a Flying Farmyard and a Twisted Trailer." Tornado said cheerily as he made his way over the bar. Cumula nodded and started making the drinks while he idly started munching on Earth and Tree mix Cumula kept on the bar.

As Cumula served the drinks, she said "Hey, that new girl over there has been eyeing you."

Tornado turned and saw a sultry lightning bolt gazing at him. She had curves all over, and he could feel the static from across the room. She had a wild and chaotic air about her, which he found intoxicating.

"I here she can fork like nobody's business too," Cumula said with a knowing wink.

"I think I'll go talk to her," Tornado said to a smiling Cumula, and strutted on over.

"I couldn't help but notice you looking at me. What's your name?" Tornado asked.

"Electra. Electra Cution." She said, idly nibbling on a radio tower antenna, "Why don't you take me for a spin big guy!".

It was magic. Soon after, they got married. And, not surprisingly, it wasn't long before Electra and Tornado gave birth to a batch of bouncing baby Ball Lightnings. They were happy, but as often happens, it wasn't long before hard times fell.

The Cold Front, the trusted and reliable company that employed everyone in the area, was pulling up stakes. Rumor had it that there was a lot of high pressure forcing Cold Front to outsource overseas. The Jet-Stream that once roared with life was becoming an empty road. It was getting harder and harder to find a place where a guy like Tornado could put his feet down and do some honest work. Even "The Ground" was becoming vacant, with only Cumula and Downpour being regulars there.

Tornado fell into depression and started drinking. First it was just occasional, a pond here, a lake there. Then it became frequent. He became just a shadow of what he formerly was. He drank so much that he got the nickname "Waterspout".

Electra, too, suffered. After she lost her job, she had let herself go. Her once sleek form now curving and arcing way more than it used to. She barely ever leaves the house now, addicted to Storm Chaser videos showing Wedge Tornadoes.

Of course, once they had both lost their jobs they couldn't care for their children, so Storm Services put them up for adoption. The kids are doing well, though they are scattered across the Midwest (one apparently went on to study abroad in England last year).

Eventually both Tornado and Electra dissipated, along with Cumula and everyone else who used to frequent "The Ground". Without the Cold Front, it really was only a matter of time before the whole place vanished into blue skies.

And that, my friends, is why I never get good thunderstorms in my area.
Member Since: 31.10.2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 1227
1667. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 14:33 (GMT)
Good morning all

April 23, 2012 SST Anomaly
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1666. nrtiwlnvragn
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 14:31 (GMT)
OLD BLOG
Member Since: 23.09.2005 Posts: 13 Comments: 10471
1665. WxGeekVA
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 14:28 (GMT)
1659. washingtonian115

It was a cool windy morning but I am glad we got much needed rain.


I actually had snow mixed in with the rain around 9:15 this morning, just outside of Fairfax.
Member Since: 3.09.2011 Posts: 13 Comments: 3466
1664. KEEPEROFTHEGATE (Mod)
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 14:27 (GMT)
XX/XX/XX
Member Since: 15.07.2006 Posts: 165 Comments: 52383
1663. jeffs713
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 14:05 (GMT)
Quoting RitaEvac:
Japanese boy's soccer ball lost in tsunami found in Alaska


5,100 miles away.



This summer will bring some interesting finds on the beach in the Pacific NW.
Member Since: 3.08.2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5793
1662. RitaEvac
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 13:58 (GMT)
Japanese boy's soccer ball lost in tsunami found in Alaska


5,100 miles away.


Member Since: 14.07.2008 Posts: 1 Comments: 9625
1661. islander101010
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 13:38 (GMT)
further was great at wanne music festival live oak florida some rain nothing too bad except for mules set which lasted 20 minutes or so before they pulled the plug. a piece from further. beautiful sunshine for this tune ripple http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYiNpFTmIyo&feature =endscreen
Member Since: 11.09.2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 4018
1660. ILwthrfan
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 13:35 (GMT)
Looks like most of the snow reports have been in the 3-6 inch range stretching from West Virginia to Buffalo.  Have one 6 inch report in New York where they could see another easy 3-6.  Going to be hard for snow to accumulate with April sun angle + ground temps above freezing, while air temperatures are at or just above freezing as well.  It's going to take some heavy hourly snowfall rates to out run those factors acting against significant accumulation. 

Snowfall Totals
NEW YORK

...ALLEGANY COUNTY...
ALFRED 6.0 700 AM 4/23 CO-OP OBSERVER
5 SW WEST ALMOND 4.6 830 AM 4/23 COCORAHS
WHITESVILLE 3.4 748 AM 4/23 CO-OP OBSERVER
1 S WELLSVILLE 0.5 600 AM 4/23 CO-OP OBSERVER

Member Since: 2.02.2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 1403
1659. washingtonian115
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 13:26 (GMT)
It was a cool windy morning but I am glad we got much needed rain.
Member Since: 14.08.2010 Posts: 10 Comments: 15738
1658. jeffs713
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 13:16 (GMT)
Quoting NEFL:
Funny we dont see StormTracker on here this morning. I wonder why? Maybe because of all the hype, doom and gloom he spoon fed everyone for a week didnt pan out. I wonder if his rain gauge got 6" like he predicted. I see the HPC was right on with 1-3". It was a bust event, from a model standpoint for FL, and hence the problem with hyping models. Mother Nature is smarter than us. Poof!

He is either in school, or crying into his cereal that his hype didn't pan out (like usual).
Member Since: 3.08.2008 Posts: 16 Comments: 5793
1657. weathermanwannabe
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 12:59 (GMT)
Good Morning. The Gulf low was essentially a non-event for the Big Bend region of Florida (me) due to the trajectory right over us. As we often see with lows (whether tropical or extra-tropical) the worst weather is usually well distanced and displaced from the center of circulation. As such, while many parts of North Florida really needed the rain, the rain forecast did not pan out because the "center" of the low remained very dry and many of the parts it traversed across North Florida received little in the way of rain. While all I got, North of Tallahassee, was some brief rain and a few small showers/gusts and one or two thunderclaps on Saturday afternoon, I will remember the Low. My Wife called me around 2:00 PM on Sat afternoon (I was not home) to advised that the "one" thunderclap hit near the house..........The resulting electrical surge (in spite of having a surge protector) took out our TV, Cable Box, and Computer modem. Off to Comcast later today to switch out the Cable Box, modem in transit by UPS, and, have to go out and buy a new TV this week..............Ouch..... :)
Member Since: 8.08.2006 Posts: 0 Comments: 8308
1656. LargoFl
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 12:54 (GMT)
Member Since: 6.08.2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 33465
1655. LargoFl
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 12:51 (GMT)
Member Since: 6.08.2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 33465
1654. LargoFl
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 12:51 (GMT)
Good Morning everyone!..beautiful day here, not a cloud in sight and sunny at 69 degree's...wind tho is getting gusty at times, still taking down the dead pieces of limbs from the trees but all in all a beautiful day here in sunny Florida..have a great day!
Member Since: 6.08.2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 33465
1652. Guysgal
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 12:01 (GMT)
Unhappy harbinger of AGW Link
Member Since: 9.05.2010 Posts: 0 Comments: 191
1651. OracleDeAtlantis
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 11:58 (GMT)
A strange and cryptic weather forecast that made no sense at the time this was posted here on April 5th, but her eyes and song told the story of where a late Christmas was coming.

Last year, on Jan. 4th(Post 11,) another song by this same artist, who has sadly now passed, would be used to forecast another kind of spring; what would later be called the "Arab spring," and the fall of a modern day Pharaoh in Egypt.

Post 765. OracleDeAtlantis 7:01 AM GMT on April 05, 2012



Member Since: 27.08.2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 489
1650. Ameister12
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 11:58 (GMT)
Member Since: 9.08.2009 Posts: 10 Comments: 4504
1649. HurrikanEB
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 11:21 (GMT)
Looks like about a slushy inch around the Rochester, NY area. Based on the radar, i would say that the rain/snow band is going to pivot somewhere just east of buffalo, leaving little additional snow for the eastern portion of the current winter storm warning counties- including Monroe county where Rochester is.

Member Since: 2.05.2008 Posts: 12 Comments: 1289
1648. ScottLincoln
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 11:20 (GMT)
.
Member Since: 28.09.2002 Posts: 5 Comments: 2894
1647. ScottLincoln
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 11:16 (GMT)
Quoting bappit:

I like the idea of not issuing tornado warnings for short-lived vortexes. Call it a severe thunderstorm. The tornado is gone before the warning is issued. (Saw that in the interview posted on here of a TV met from Alabama. I strongly suspect this idea is not new.

I don't think it's a new idea, but I'd be fairly confident it would turn into a political hot potato with the NWS and even if it is the best course of action that would bring back confidence in the tornado warnings, I have a hard time seeing it done. This might be different from my personal opinion on whether or not it should be done...
For better or worse, sometimes you only have to miss one tornado to get yourself in hot water with your EMs/citizens. We've had a few recent examples of missed brief tornadoes... Harveyville, KS, Creston, IA, Henrick, IA.
Member Since: 28.09.2002 Posts: 5 Comments: 2894
1646. JrWeathermanFL
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 10:58 (GMT)
38 degrees tomorrow night for me here in FL. Wow. Might have to build a fire.
Member Since: 19.07.2011 Posts: 8 Comments: 1640
1645. trunkmonkey
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 10:53 (GMT)
Quoting bappit:
Someone posted this a couple days ago. Current version tells about the same story. Looks like the ridge out west will be setting up shop.



I can't wait for the warm weather to return, Highs in the mid 50's and lows in the mid 30's is tough for an ole man, here in Indiana.
Forecast says it's this way for the next 7 days.
Plug this model in I'm ready!
Member Since: 18.08.2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 562
1644. JrWeathermanFL
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 10:49 (GMT)
Quoting BahaHurican:
We could go to a hurricane zone.

Oh wait... I could just stay home... no fun!

WE could go to Miami. That would be fun.
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


We could go to Grothar's house. His mansion could hold all of us.

We dont have the $200 million yet! Lets start a hurricane center and compete with the NHC!
Member Since: 19.07.2011 Posts: 8 Comments: 1640
1643. LargoFl
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 07:29 (GMT)
Member Since: 6.08.2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 33465
1642. LargoFl
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 07:26 (GMT)
HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG SC
1045 PM EDT SUN APR 22 2012

GAZ010-017-018-026-028-029-NCZ035>037-056-057-068 >072-082-502-504-
506>510-SCZ001>014-019-240245-
RABUN-HABERSHAM-STEPHENS-FRANKLIN-HART-ELBERT-ALE XANDER-IREDELL-
DAVIE-CATAWBA-ROWAN-CLEVELAND-LINCOLN-GASTON-MECK LENBURG-CABARRUS-
UNION NC-GREATER CALDWELL-GREATER BURKE-EASTERN MCDOWELL-
RUTHERFORD MOUNTAINS-GREATER RUTHERFORD-POLK MOUNTAINS-EASTERN POLK-
OCONEE MOUNTAINS-PICKENS MOUNTAINS-GREENVILLE MOUNTAINS-
GREATER OCONEE-GREATER PICKENS-GREATER GREENVILLE-SPARTANBURG-
CHEROKEE-YORK-ANDERSON-ABBEVILLE-LAURENS-UNION SC-CHESTER-GREENWOOD-
1045 PM EDT SUN APR 22 2012

THIS HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK IS FOR NORTHEAST GEORGIA...PIEDMONT
NORTH CAROLINA...WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA AND UPSTATE SOUTH CAROLINA.

.DAY ONE...TONIGHT.

NO HAZARDOUS WEATHER IS EXPECTED.

.DAYS TWO THROUGH SEVEN...MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY.

AS THE PRESSURE GRADIENT TIGHTENS OVER THE REGION...STRONG AND GUSTY
WINDS ARE EXPECTED ON MONDAY...POSSIBLY GUSTING AS HIGH AS 35 MPH
ARE POSSIBLE ACROSS THE AREA. TEMPERATURES WILL LIKELY DROP INTO
THE MID 30S TO LOW 30S EARLY TUESDAY MORNING. AREAS OF FROST ARE
POSSIBLE IF WINDS BECOME LIGHT ENOUGH OVERNIGHT.

.SPOTTER INFORMATION STATEMENT...

NONE.

$$
Member Since: 6.08.2011 Posts: 4 Comments: 33465
1641. Jedkins01
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:31 (GMT)
Member Since: 21.08.2008 Posts: 0 Comments: 6891
1640. pmagn
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:31 (GMT)
Brilliant site... Some feedback...

-Move the right col menu higher so appears on initial screen of page.

-Add global temp plot next to co2 plot over 800000yr time line in evidence section.

- for me day min anomaly data for uk ( http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/anomacts/ ) was one set that particularly alerted me to the magnitude of the warming when I first looked at the problem. I think you should include this in the section. 

-page which describes and links to all major climate research sites with original data sets like Nassau, NOAA, uk met etc.

-there is new south African research which is back dating the effect of human generated co2 on the global temp and modeling this. It would be good to incorporate this in your local weather so it shows the anomalies with and with out the extra heat....
Member Since: 19.07.2009 Posts: 0 Comments: 7
1639. sunlinepr
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:28 (GMT)
Member Since: 2.08.2010 Posts: 21 Comments: 9656
1638. BahaHurican
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:25 (GMT)
Quoting GeoffreyWPB:


We could go to Grothar's house. His mansion could hold all of us.
But that is just fort lauderdale. I go there all the time. Even WPB would be more new sites....
Member Since: 25.10.2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20742
1637. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:19 (GMT)
I'm off to bed as well...good night all!
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1636. GeoffreyWPB
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:18 (GMT)
Quoting BahaHurican:
We could go to a hurricane zone.

Oh wait... I could just stay home... no fun!

WE could go to Miami. That would be fun.


We could go to Grothar's house. His mansion could hold all of us.
Member Since: 10.09.2007 Posts: 0 Comments: 10589
1635. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:17 (GMT)
Quoting BahaHurican:
Haven't heard anything yet... there'll prolly be something about it on tomorrow morning's news.

OK, it will be interesting hear what was the cause of the damage
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1634. BahaHurican
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:15 (GMT)
Anyway, I gotta go... work tomorrow :o( plus a couple of extra mtgs....

Sleep tight ya'll...
Member Since: 25.10.2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20742
1633. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:14 (GMT)
Quoting PedleyCA:
OK Fellow Bloggers, time to call it a night. Stay Safe and any of you up in the N.E. take it easy on those roads that may have ice on them.
Have a Good Night All.

Same to you pedley
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1632. BahaHurican
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:14 (GMT)
Quoting nigel20:

Whats up Baha...was the cause of the damage determined?
Haven't heard anything yet... there'll prolly be something about it on tomorrow morning's news.
Member Since: 25.10.2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20742
1631. BahaHurican
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:12 (GMT)
Quoting Tazmanian:
for $200million i take this hole blog on vancan in i by the rooms for evere one
We could go to a hurricane zone.

Oh wait... I could just stay home... no fun!

WE could go to Miami. That would be fun.
Member Since: 25.10.2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20742
1630. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:12 (GMT)
Quoting BahaHurican:
Overnight. I can't wait to hear what, if anything, is said about it on the news 2 morrow...


Whats up Baha...was the cause of the damage determined?
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1629. bappit
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:09 (GMT)
Someone posted this a couple days ago. Current version tells about the same story. Looks like the ridge out west will be setting up shop.

Member Since: 18.05.2006 Posts: 10 Comments: 5563
1628. BahaHurican
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:03 (GMT)
Quoting Thrawst:


Dayum, Nassau had a tornado yesterday? I was in Miami xD
Overnight. I can't wait to hear what, if anything, is said about it on the news 2 morrow...

Member Since: 25.10.2005 Posts: 19 Comments: 20742
1627. PedleyCA
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 04:03 (GMT)
OK Fellow Bloggers, time to call it a night. Stay Safe and any of you up in the N.E. take it easy on those roads that may have ice on them.
Have a Good Night All.
Member Since: 29.02.2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4944
1626. j2008
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 03:57 (GMT)
Quoting Neapolitan:
While it's snowing in the Northeast, there's plenty of heat down the diagonal; Death Valley reached 113 today, for instance, while Phoenix hit 105, tying that city's all-time high temperature record for April. Las Vegas reached 99, also tying its hottest April temp.

According to the SPC, the Big April 2012 Florida Severe Weather Event didn't amount to much; no tornadoes and no hail have yet been reported in the state, and fewer than a dozen wind reports were submitted.
We hit 101 or 102 here today. 2nd Earliest occation ever.
Member Since: 19.12.2008 Posts: 1 Comments: 224
1625. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 03:56 (GMT)
Quoting PedleyCA:


This is so much better than what I had with the 3G that was 1.4Mbps and the cap was 5GB for $52, then I changed to another
company and got unlimited (50GB?) for $70. They said if you went over they would look into it. Almost impossible for one person to do.

Agreed
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1624. nigel20
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 03:55 (GMT)
Quoting Tazmanian:
for $200million i take this hole blog on vancan in i by the rooms for evere one

You're such a kind lad Taz
Member Since: 6.11.2010 Posts: 9 Comments: 7480
1622. PedleyCA
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 03:49 (GMT)
Quoting nigel20:

Yeah, by downloading tons of games and watching countless hours of videos


This is so much better than what I had with the 3G that was 1.4Mbps and the cap was 5GB for $52, then I changed to another
company and got unlimited (50GB?) for $70. They said if you went over they would look into it. Almost impossible for one person to do.
Member Since: 29.02.2012 Posts: 0 Comments: 4944
1621. Tazmanian
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 03:47 (GMT)
for $200million i take this hole blog on vancan in i by the rooms for evere one
Member Since: 21.05.2006 Posts: 5089 Comments: 114072
1620. Patrap
23. huhtikuuta 2012 klo 03:45 (GMT)
The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Is Far From Over
Posted: 04/22/2012 3:45 pm


Spent reactor fuel, containing roughly 85 times more long-lived radioactivity than released at Chernobyl, still sits in pools vulnerable to earthquakes.

More than a year after the Fukushima nuclear power disaster began, the news media is just beginning to grasp that the dangers to Japan and the rest of the world are far from over. After repeated warnings by former senior Japanese officials, nuclear experts, and now a U.S. Senator, it's sinking in that the irradiated nuclear fuel stored in spent fuel pools amidst the reactor ruins pose far greater dangers than the molten cores. This is why:

• Nearly all of the 10,893 spent fuel assemblies sit in pools vulnerable to future earthquakes, with roughly 85 times more long-lived radioactivity than released at Chernobyl
• Several pools are 100 feet above the ground and are completely open to the atmosphere because the reactor buildings were demolished by explosions. The pools could possibly topple or collapse from structural damage coupled with another powerful earthquake.

• The loss of water exposing the spent fuel will result in overheating and can cause melting and ignite its zirconium metal cladding resulting in a fire that could deposit large amounts of radioactive materials over hundreds, if not thousands of miles.

This was not lost on Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR), who after visiting the site on April 6, wrote to Japan's U.S. ambassador, Ichiro Fujusaki, that "loss of containment in any of these pools... could result an even larger release of radiation than the nuclear accident."

The urgency of the situation is underscored by the ongoing seismic activity where 13 earthquakes of magnitude 4.0-5.7 have occurred off the northeast coast of Japan between April 14 and 17. This has been the norm since the first quake and tsunami hit the Dai-Ichi site on March 11 of last year. Larger quakes are expected closer to the power plant.

Spent nuclear fuel is extraordinarily radioactive and must be handled with great care. In a matter of seconds, an unprotected person one foot away from a single freshly removed spent fuel assembly would receive a lethal dose of radiation within seconds. As one of the most dangerous materials on the planet, spent reactor fuel requires permanent geological isolation to protect humans for thousands of years.

It's been 26 years, since the Chernobyl reactor exploded and caught fire releasing enormous amounts of radioactive debris -- seriously contaminating areas over a thousand miles away. Chernobyl revealed the folly of not having an extra barrier of thick concrete and steel surrounding the reactor core that is required for modern plants, in the U.S., Japan and elsewhere. The Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident revealed the folly of operating several nuclear power plants in a high consequence earthquake zone while storing huge amounts of highly radioactive spent fuel in vulnerable pools, high above the ground.

What both accidents have in common is widespread environmental contamination from cesium-137. With a half-life of 30, years, Cs-137 gives off penetrating radiation, as it decays and can remain dangerous for hundreds of years. Once in the environment, it mimics potassium as it accumulates in the food chain. When it enters the human body, about 75 percent lodges in muscle tissue, with, perhaps, the most important muscle being the heart.

Last week, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) revealed plans to remove 2,274 spent fuel assemblies from the damaged reactors that will probably take at least a decade to accomplish. The first priority will be removal of the contents in Pool No. 4. This pool is structurally damaged and contains about 10 times more cesium-137 than released at Chernobyl. Removal of SNF from the No. 4 reactor is optimistically expected to begin at the end of 2013. A significant amount of construction to remove debris and reinforce the structurally-damaged reactor buildings, especially the fuel- handling areas, will be required.

Also, it is not safe to keep 1,882 spent fuel assemblies containing ~57 million curies of long-lived radioactivity, including nearly 15 times more cs-137 than released at Chernobyl in the elevated pools at reactors 5, 6, and 7, which did not experience meltdowns and explosions.

The main reason why there is so much spent fuel at the Da-Ichi site is that the plan to send it off for nuclear recycling has collapsed. It was supposed to go to the incomplete Rokkasho reprocessing plant, just south of the Fukushima nuclear site, where plutonium would be extracted as a fuel for "fast" reactors. This scheme is based on long discredited assumptions that world uranium supplies would be rapidly exhausted and that a new generation of "fast" reactors, which held the promise of making more fuel than they use, would be needed. Over the past 20 years the Rokkasho's costs have tripled along with 18 major delays. World uranium supplies are far from depleted. Moreover, in November of last year, Japan's "fast" reactor project at Monju was cancelled for cost and safety reasons -- dealing a major blow to this whole scheme.

The stark reality, if TEPCO's plan is realized, is that nearly all of the spent fuel at the Da-Ichi containing some of the largest concentrations of radioactivity on the planet will remain indefinitely in vulnerable pools. TEPCO wants to store the spent fuel from the damaged reactors in the common pool, and only to resort to dry, cask storage when the common pool's capacity is exceeded. At this time, the common pool is at 80 percent storage capacity and will require removal of SNF to make room. TEPCO's plan is to minimize dry cask storage as much as possible and to rely indefinitely on vulnerable pool storage. Sen. Wyden finds that that TEPCO's plan for remediation carries extraordinary and continuing risk and sensibly recommends that retrieval of spent fuel in existing on-site spent fuel pools to safer storage... in dry casks should be a priority.

Despite the enormous destruction from the earthquake and tsunami, little attention was paid to the fact that the nine dry spent fuel casks at the Fukushima Da-Ichi site were unscathed. This is an important lesson we cannot afford to ignore.
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.

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